It is far more likely that they were concerned that, eventually, the civil rights bill would be overturned as unconstitutional, absent an amendment granting the Constitution the authority of providing for citizenship.
Regardless of whether, as Mr. Fessenden say, it was brought up even before the "civil rights bill", there must be a serious question as to the constitutionality of the "bill", otherwise, the actions to secure an amendment to the Constitution are moot.
Perhaps a review of the legislative record (legislative intent) will provide some insight into what the purpose of the Amendment was. After all, if there is a clear intent in the passage of a law, or ratification of an Amendment, that must be what the law, or Amendment, means. It is not to be changed by opinion, rather, it is to be what was intended at the time it became law.
We have already discussed the Fourteenth Amendment, how it was ratified, and what its intent was, according to the debates in Congress. So, perhaps, to full understand the effect of the Fourteenth Amendment, we must look at how "citizen of the United States" was perceived, after the date of ratification.
History Tunes: 13th 14th and 15th Amendments
These acts begin to answer the question set out above as to why a state would vote to ratify an amendment that would deny them the representatives of their own "chusing". The coercion to achieve the goals set out by the Congress, for Reconstruction, were meant to impose absolute control over the southern states; impose martial law, extending even to the removal of civil officers; and, to manipulate, by any means necessary, the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, so long as it appeared, as much as possible, to be consistent with Article V of the Constitution.
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Adopted on July 9, 1868, the 14th Amendment was aimed at protecting the citizenship rights and requal protection of all Americans but primarily former slaves.
On this day in History, 14th Amendment adopted on Jul 28, 1868. Learn more about what happened today on History.A step up with Amendment 14
A step up with Amendment 14
A step up with Amendment 14
From Washington’s Radical Republicans
Sayin’ everyone born in the United States
Regardless of skin color, race, or religion
Was really and legally an American citizen
Equality still a far off distant dream
A step further we came… with Amendment 14