Until the time that preventive measures diminish the need for transplantation or alternative approaches offer an effective option, numerous families, healthcare and transplantation professionals, and many others continue to make extraordinary efforts each day to ensure that organs are donated and are successfully transplanted with the goal of improving the quality of life and the length of life for transplant recipients.
Detailed information about CKD is only available from periodic health surveys, but progression to ESKD is reported routinely to the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry (ANZDATA), which collates the data and produces annual surveillance reports . These reports reveal that the overall incidence of ESKD is consistently significantly higher among Indigenous people than among non-Indigenous people .
Other technologic developments are raising new ethical questions. Organs such as the face and the ovary have been transplanted with some success and raise ethical concerns about identity and reproductive lineage. It is too early to determine if and how public attitudes regarding these developments will impact rates of organ donation.
Ramsey SD, Patrick DL, Albert RK, Larson EB, Wood DE, Raghu G. 1995. The cost-effectiveness of lung transplantation. A pilot study. University of Washington Medical Center Lung Transplant Study Group. Chest 108(6):1594–1601.
[tags: organ transplants, malaria]
Ouwens JP, van Enckevort PJ, TenVergert EM, Bonsel GJ, van der Bij W, Haagsma EB, Rutten FF, Slooff MJ, Koeter GH. 2003. The cost effectiveness of lung transplantation compared with that of heart and liver transplantation in The Netherlands. Transplant International 16(2):123–127.
[tags: critique, organ transplants]
Organ transplantation is unique among surgical procedures, in that the procedure cannot take place without the donation of an organ or a partial organ from another person. Since 1988, more than 390,000 organs have been transplanted, with approximately 80 percent of the transplanted organs coming from deceased donors. In 2005, 7,593 deceased donors provided 23,249 transplanted organs in the United States, and there were 6,896 living donors (OPTN, 2006).
National Organ Transplant Act (Public Law 98-507)
The success of organ transplantation as a treatment option, the rising incidence of related or contributory medical conditions, improvements in immunosuppressive medications, and other factors have resulted in a rapid escalation in the waiting list for transplantation in recent decades. In 1988, there were 16,026 individuals on the waiting list for an organ transplant; by 1995 the waiting list had increased almost 275 percent to 43,937; and it