otrust in the processes of reasoned inquiry

Pupils could create their own role play or drama set at the time using these sources.

Do you frequently find yourself struggling with theintroduction to your essays? Do you not know how to begin theessay? Do you find yourself searching for a generalizingstatement that will get things going, and trying to find adelicate balance between BS'ing and saying somethingmeaningful? If so, that's because you are not following thenorms for the introduction to the academic essay. Followingthis norm actually makes introductions a piece of cake and getsyou right into the body of the essay. Here is the norm:

Following this norm allows you to cut to the chase. Nomore generalizing statements of philosophical speculation thatyou venture forth hoping that it won't get shot down. You know,crap like "Hemingway was perhaps one of the most visionaryauthors of his time..." or "The Western is perhaps themost uniquely American of all the genres..." Rather,if the purpose of the essay is to demonstrate that you haveappropriated a theory and applied it independently to produceresults, then the function of the introduction becomes morefocused: to introduce the theory–or theoreticalframework–that you have decided to use. Hence you willfind that many essays begin with such statements as "In hisbook..." Or, "In her essay..."

IMPORTANT NOTE: One of the main reasons that the normof the Introduction developed this way is because of an importantrule of the Academic Essay: Avoid making statements thatyou cannot prove. The problem with thegeneralizing/philosophical/BS'ing statements like "Hemingway..."and "The Western..." is that they cannot be proventhrough reasoned discourse. Moreover, to even try and do sowould require voluminous amounts of discourse for something thatis not even your thesis: what you actually ARE setting out toprove. As a result, the genre of the Academic Essay hasevolved into the above norm. It still meets anintroduction's purpose of orienting the reader, it just does soin a very specific manner.

Focus on explaining the topic.

Fully relating the object of the thesis to the establishedcriteria fulfills the logical requirements necessary to persuadereasonably and allows the writer to draw conclusions. Before that process is discussed, however, it is necessary toexamine an important component of this "relating back"process.

prairiemary JUST ANOTHER PLAGUE Amazon com

The Black Death was one of the most severe plagues in its time. The system that the plague has the Essay On The Effects Of The Black Death largest effect on is the lymphatic system, Essay On The Effects Of The Black Death because that is

The conclusion rounds off the essay.

Longrigg,J. The Great Plague of Athens, History of Science, 18,1980,pp209-225

Meeting Criteria
Establishing the criteria by which the thesis statement will beproven leads to the next logical step: demonstrating how theobject under investigation meets those criteria. Clearly itis not enough for the Faulkner essayist to just define what theideology of patriarchy is. Their thesis is that Faulkner'swork criticizes that ideology. As a result, they will haveto point to specific things within the text and argue that theyrelate to those criteria IN A SPECIFIC WAY–in this casethrough a process of criticism. This process of relatingthe object of investigation back to the established criteria isanother fundamental component of the body of the essay. Without it, the proof is not complete. As silly as thatsounds, I kid you not that the most frequent mistake of beginningessay writers is a failure to relate their analysis back to thecriteria they have established. Thus it is that anotherimportant norm for the academic essay is:

War and Other Essays Online Library of Liberty Eric Kim

Developing the ability to think critically can be difficult because it is easier to make hasty judgments based on opinions and biases than it is to evaluate facts and arguments. For example, your friends might think that the death penalty is just, and you might also think so just because your friends do. Without hearing any arguments to the contrary, your viewpoint, based solely on the opinions of others, would be weak.

SparkNotes: The Plague

Worse still was pneumonic plague, which attacked the lungs and spread to other people through coughing and sneezing, and septicaemic plague, which occurred when the bacteria entered the blood. In these cases, there was little hope of survival.

One of the oldest identifiable diseases known to man, plague remains endemic in many natural foci around the world

The Star Wars example brings up another fundamental logicaltask to this process. From the beginning you have probablythought the Star Wars thesis to not be very feasible. Thefilm is not set in the West, and it occurs in the future. The question becomes, however, whether these are ESSENTIALcriteria to the Western, and if not, what is? In terms ofproving that thesis statement, the writer is going to have toclearly establish what the elements of the Western Genre are, andthen relate aspects of the film back to ALL of thosecriteria. Herein lies the essential importance of"completeness" to that process. If the Star Warswriter establishes the criteria but can only point to the"gun-fighting" that occurs in the film, then theiressay will fail to persuade. Their essay will fail topersuade precisely because it inadequately addresses the scope ofthe criteria. Thus it is that another important norm forthis process is:

INTRODUCTION Around 1339 in northwestern Europe, the population was beginning to outgrow the food supply and a severe economic crisis began to take place.

There are three types of plague. Most of the sick in 1665-1666 had bubonic plague. This created swellings (buboes) in the lymph nodes found in the armpits, groin and neck. Plague sufferers experienced headaches, vomiting and fever. They had a 30% chance of dying within two weeks. This type of plague spread from a bite caused by a black rat flea that carried the Yersinia pestis bacteria.

Plague, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, is a disease that affects humans and other mammals

As the colder weather set in, the number of plague victims started to fall. This was not due to any remedies used. Nor was it due to the fire of London that had destroyed many of the houses within the walls of the city and by the River Thames. (Many plague deaths had occurred in the poorest parishes outside the city walls.)